Today in History – October 31 in History

Today in History – October 31 in History

What happened on this day in history – October 31 in History around the world

1517 Martin Luther nails his 95 Theses to the door of the church at Wittenberg in Germany. Luther’s theories and writings inaugurate Protestantism, shattering the external structure of the medieval church and at the same time reviving the religious consciousness of Europe.
1803 Congress ratifies the purchase of the entire Louisiana area in North America, adding territory to the U.S. which will eventually become 13 more states.
1838 A mob of about 200 attacks a Mormon camp in Missouri, killing 20 men, women and children.
1864 Nevada becomes the 36th state.
1941 After 14 years of work, the Mount Rushmore National Memorial is completed.
1952 The United States explodes the first hydrogen bomb at Eniwetok Atoll in the Pacific.
1968 The bombing of North Vietnam is halted by the United States.
1971 Saigon begins the release of 1,938 Hanoi POW’s.
1984 Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi is assassinated in New Delhi by two Sikh members of her bodyguard.
1998 Iraq announces it will no longer cooperate with United Nations weapons inspectors.
1999 EgyptAir Flight 990 crashes into Atlantic Ocean killing all 217 people on board.
2000 Soyuz TM-31 launches, carrying the first resident crew to the International Space Station.
2002 Former Enron Corp. CEO Andrew Fastow convicted on 78 counts of conspiracy, money laundering, obstruction of justice and wire fraud; the Enron collapse cost investors millions and led to new oversight legislation.
Born on October 31
1795 John Keats, poet.
1802 Benoit Fourneyron, inventor of the water turbine.
1860 Juliette Low, founder of the Girl Scouts.
1887 Chiang Kai-Shek, Chinese Nationalist.
1896 Ethel Waters, actress and blues singer.
1902 Carlos Drummond de Andrade, Brazilian poet, journalist and short story writer.
1917 William H. McNeil, historian (The Rise of the West).
1925 Charles Moore, influential post-modern architect.
1930 Michael Collins, U.S. astronaut.
1931 Dan Rather, journalist; anchor of CBS Evening News (1981–2005).
1936 Michael Landon, actor (Bonanza, Little House on the Prairie TV series).
1937 Tom Paxton, folk singer, songwriter, musician; received a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award (2009).
1942 David Ogden Stiers, actor; best known for his role as stuffy Maj. Charles Emerson Winchester III on M*A*S*H* TV series (1977–1983).
1950 Jane Pauley, journalist; co-host of The Today Show (1976–1989) and Dateline NBC (1992–2003).
1950 Antonio Taguba, retired US Army major general best known for authoring the Taguba Report on abuse of detainees at Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq; Taguba is the second American citizen of Philippine birth to reach the rank of general in the US Army.
1961 Sir Peter Jackson, New Zealand film director, producer, screenwriter (Lord of the Rings, The Hobbit)
1961 Larry Mullen Jr., musician; drummer for U2 band.
2005 Infanta Leonor of Spain, second in line of succession to the Spanish throne.

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