Today in History – October 13 in History

Today in History – October 13 in History

What happened on this day in history – October 13 in History around the world

54 Nero succeeds his great uncle Claudius, who was murdered by his wife, as the new emperor of Rome.
1307 Members of the Knights of Templar are arrested throughout France, imprisoned and tortured by the order of King Philip the Fair of France.
1399 Henry IV of England is crowned.
1670 Virginia passes a law that blacks arriving in the colonies as Christians cannot be used as slaves.
1775 The Continental Congress authorizes construction of two warships, thus instituting an American naval force.
1776 Benedict Arnold is defeated at Lake Champlain.
1792 President George Washington lays the cornerstone for the White House.
1812 At the Battle of Queenston Heights, a Canadian and British army defeats the American who have tried to invade Canada.
1849 The California state constitution, which prohibits slavery, is signed in Monterey.
1903 Boston defeats Pittsburgh in baseball’s first World Series.
1904 Sigmund Freud’s The Interpretation of Dreams is published.
1942 In the first of four attacks, two Japanese battleships sail down the slot and shell Henderson field on Guadalcanal, in an unsuccessful effort to destroy the American Cactus Air Force.
1943 Italy declares war on Germany.
1944 Troops of the advancing Soviet Army occupy Riga, capital of Latvia.
1946 The Fourth Republic begins in France; will continue to 1958.
1958 First appearance of Paddington Bear, now a beloved icon of children’s literature.
1967 First game of the fledgling American Basketball Association; Oakland Oaks beat Anaheim Amigos 134-129 in Oakland, Cal.
1972 Uruguayan Air Force Flight 571 crashes in the Andes Mountains, near the Argentina-Chile border; only 16 survivors (out of 45 people aboard) are rescued on Dec. 23.
1976 Dr. F.A. Murphy at Center for Disease Control obtains the first electron micrograph of an Ebola viral particle.
1983 The Space Shuttle Challenger, carrying seven, the largest crew to date, lands safely at Kennedy Space Center in Florida.
1990 The Lebanese Civil War ends when a Syrian attack removes Gen. Michel Aoun from power.
2010 After being underground for a record 69 days, all 33 miners trapped in a Copiapo, Chile, mine are rescued.
Born on October 13
1784 Ferdinand VII, king of Spain.
1817 William Kirby, Canadian writer.
1853 Lillie Langtry, British actress.
1890 Conrad Richter, novelist and short story writer.
1907 Yves Allégret, French film director (Dédée d’Anvers, Une si jolie petite plage).
1909 Herblock (Herbert Lawrence Block), multiple Pulitzer Prize-winning political cartoonist.
1910 Ernest Kellogg Gann, pilot and adventure novelist (Island in the Sky, The High and Mighty).
1910 Art Tatum, American jazz pianist.
1925 Margaret Thatcher, the first female UK prime minister (1979-1990).
1926 Ray Brown, jazz bass player.
1930 Bruce Geller, screenwriter, producer, actor; won two Emmys as the writer, producer and director of the Mission Impossible TV series.
1939 Melinda Dillon, actress, best known for her role as Ralphie’s mother in the TV classic A Christmas Story (1983).
1941 Paul Simon, singer, songwriter, musician, producer; rose to fame as half of the Simon & Garfunkel duo; to date (2013) he has received 12 Grammys including a Lifetime Achievement Award (2001); Time magazine included him in its 2006 special “100 People Who Shaped the World.”
1947 Sammy Hagar, “The Red Rocker,” singer, songwriter, musician; replaced David Lee Roth as lead singer of the band Van Halen.
1959 Marie Osmond, singer (“Paper Roses”), songwriter, actress; co-hosted TV variety show Donny & Marie with her brother Donny (1976-79).
1960 Ari Fleischer, White House Press Secretary for Pres. George W. Bush (2001-03).
1967 Kate Walsh, actress (Grey’s Anatomy, Private Practice TV series).
1969 Nancy Kerrigan, figure skater; won Olympic bronze (1992) and silver (1994) medals; US National Champion 1993; on Jan. 6, 1994, she was clubbed on the knee in an attack intended to aid one of her skating rivals.

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