Today in History – July 1 in History

Today in History – July 1 in History

What happened on this day in history – July 1 in History around the world

69 Vespasian, a Roman army leader, is hailed as a Roman emperor by the Egyptian legions.
1543 England and Scotland sign the Peace of Greenwich.
1596 An English fleet under the Earl of Essex, Lord Howard of Effingham and Francis Vere capture and sack Cadiz, Spain.
1690 Led by Marshall Luxembourg, the French defeat the forces of the Grand Alliance at Fleurus in the Netherlands.
1777 British troops depart from their base at the Bouquet river to head toward Ticonderoga, New York.
1798 Napoleon Bonaparte takes Alexandria, Egypt.
1838 Charles Darwin presents a paper on his theory of evolution to the Linnean Society in London.
1862 Union artillery stops a Confederate attack at Malvern Hill, Virginia.
1863 In the first day’s fighting at Gettysburg, Federal forces retreat through the town and dig in at Cemetery Ridge and Cemetery Hill.
1867 Canada, by the terms of the British North America Act, becomes an independent dominion.
1876 Montenegro declares war on the Turks.
1898 American troops take San Juan Hill and El Caney, Cuba, from the Spaniards.
1916 The Battle of the Somme begins. Approximately 30,000 men are killed on the first day, two-thirds of them British.
1942 Axis troops capture Sevastapol, Crimea, in the Soviet Union.
1945 The New York State Commission Against Discrimination is established–the first such agency in the United States.
1950 American ground troops arrive in South Korea to halt the advancing North Korean army.
1961 British troops land in Kuwait to aid against Iraqi threats.
1963 The U.S. postmaster introduces the ZIP code.
1966 The U.S. Marines launch Operation Holt in an attempt to finish off a Vietcong battalion in Thua Thien Province in Vietnam.
Born on July 1
1649 Gottfried Von Leibniz, German philosopher and mathematician.
1804 George Sand (Amandine-Aurore Lucille Dupin), French novelist.
1876 Susan Glaspell, playwright, (Alison’s House).
1892 James M. Cain, author (The Postman Always Rings Twice, Mildred Pierce).
1899 Thomas Dorsey, American songwriter, singer and pianist, the “father of gospel music.”
1902 William Wyler, film director (The Best Years of Our Lives, Ben Hur).
1903 Amy Johnson, English aviator.
1915 Willie Dixon, blues musician.
1915 Sydney Pollack, film director (Tootsie, Out of Africa).
1915 Jean Stafford, American writer (The Mountain Lion).
1916 Roland Robert Tuck, British fighter ace during World War II.
1961 Diana Frances Spencer, Princess of Wales.

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