Today in History – August 30 in History

Today in History – August 30 in History

What happened on this day in history – August 30 in History around the world

1617 Rosa de Lima of Peru becomes the first American saint to be canonized.
1721 The Peace of Nystad ends the Second Northern War between Sweden and Russia, giving Russia considerably more power in the Baltic region.
1781 The French fleet arrives in the Chesapeake Bay to aid the American Revolution.
1813 Creek Indians massacre over 500 whites at Fort Mims Alabama.
1860 The first British tramway is inaugurated at Birkenhead by an American, George Francis Train.
1861 Union General John Fremont declares martial law throughout Missouri and makes his own emancipation proclamation to free slaves in the state. President Lincoln overrules the general.
1892 The Moravia, a passenger ship arriving from Germany, brings cholera to the United States.
1932 Nazi leader Hermann Goering is elected president of the Reichstag.
1944 Ploesti, the center of the Rumanian oil industry, falls to Soviet troops.
1961 President John F. Kennedy appoints General Lucius D. Clay as his personal representative in Berlin.
1963 Hot Line communications link installed between Moscow and Washington, DC.
1967 US Senate confirms Thurgood Marshall as first African-American Supreme Court justice.
1976 Tom Brokaw becomes news anchor of Today Show.
1979 First recorded instance of a comet (Howard-Koomur-Michels) hitting the sun; the energy released is equal to approximately 1 million hydrogen bombs.
1982 Yasser Arafat, leader of the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) forced out of Lebanon after 10 years in Beirut during Lebanese Civil War.
1983 Lieutenant Colonel Guion S. Bluford, Jr., becomes the first African-American astronaut to travel in space.
1986 KGB arrest journalist Nicholas Daniloff (US News World Report) on a charge of spying and hold him for 13 days.
1983 Eiffel Tower welcomes its 150 millionth visitor, 33-year-old Parisian Jacqueline Martinez.
Born on August 30
1797 Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, novelist best known for Frankenstein, or the Modern Prometheus.
1871 Ernest Rutherford, physicist who discovered and named alpha, beta and gamma radiation and was the first to achieve a man-made nuclear reaction.
1893 Huey P. Long, Louisiana politician who served as governor and U.S. senator, known as “The Kingfish.”
1918 Ted Williams, Hall of Fame outfielder for the Boston Red Sox, the last man to hit .400 in a season.
1919 Kitty Wells (Ellen Muriel Deason), first female singer to top the Country Music charts in US (“It Wasn’t God Who Made Honky-Tonk Angels,” 1952).
1930 Warren Buffett, business magnate; listed as world’s wealthiest person in 2008.
1931 Carrie Saxon Perry, 1st black mayor of a major US city (Hartford CT).
1943 Robert Crumb (R. Crumb), satiric “underground” cartoonist (Fritz the Cat), musician.
1944 Molly Ivins, American political humorist, newspaper columnist.
1956 Jayne Irving, TV broadcaster (Good Morning Britain).
1958 Anna Politkovskaya (Anna Mazepa), New York-born Ukrainian journalist, writer, human rights advocate best known for her reporting from Chechnya.
1960 Hassan Nasrallah, leader of the Lebanese political-paramilitary group Hezbollah since 1992.
1960 US Army Master Sgt. Gary Gordon, receives posthumorous Medal of Honor for his actions in the Battle of Mogadishu, Somalia.
1964 Gavin Fisher, mechanical engineer; chief designer of the Williams Formula One racing team (1997–2005).
1972 Cameron Diaz, model, award-winning actress (The Mask, There’s Something About Mary, Any Given Sunday).

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